Elderberry (Sambucus Canadensis)–The American black elderberry, Canada elderberry, or common elderberry, is a species of elderberry native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains and south to Bolivia. It typically occurs on streambanks, moist woodlands, thickets, fence rows and roadsides. It grows in a variety of conditions including wet and dry soils, primarily in sunny locations. This spreading, multi-stemmed deciduous shrub has tiny lemon-scented white flowers that appear in large flat-topped clusters in June. The flowers give way to clusters of black elderberry fruits (drupes) in late summer. It is a good source of nectar for bees, butterflies, and other wildlife. The fruits of species plants are sometimes used to make jams, jellies, pie filings and elderberry wine.
Important note: Most parts of the elderberry plant can be toxic. The seeds, stems, leaves and roots of the Black Elder are all poisonous to humans. The fruit of the Black Elderberry should always be cooked before consumption.